China policy, China-US-EU relations, new technologies
Polish, English, Chinese (Mandarin)
Paweł Paszak is a University of Warsaw graduate in International Relations (East Asia Studies) and a former scholarship student at University of Kent (United Kingdom) and Hainan University (PRC). PhD Candidate at University of Warsaw/War Studies University and a researcher in projects for Poland’s Ministry of National Defence. Expert at the Institute of New Europe (INE) and the author of analyses and articles concerning US-China trade war, China’s economic transformation, and technological rivalry.
The escalation of tensions between the PRC and the USA during Donald Trump’s four-year presidency has prompted some commentators and scholars to identify the new strategic conditions as the Cold War 2.0. Despite the rising popularity of the term in the public discourse, it has many opponents who argue that it is unjustified and oversimplifies the actual nature of the process.
On May 28, during the last day of the 13th NPC Convention, the PRC authorities adopted the National Security Legislation. The amendments are intended to allow for a crackdown on all forms of activity which the central authorities consider to be treason, attempted secession, incitement or “subversive activity”.
On Friday, May 22, the National People’s Congress (NPC) commenced its long-awaited session, throughout which key economic and security policy decisions will be made.
In recent years, Chinese companies have been successful in tenders organized in Central and Eastern European countries (17+1). These include already signed and implemented contracts for the construction of an EU-funded bridge in Pelješac in Croatia (EUR 340 million), Budapest-Belgrade high-speed railway (USD 2.1 billion) and a part of the S14 expressway in Poland (PLN 561 million).
On April 7, President Donald Trump described the Organization as “sinocentric” and on April 15 he announced that its funding was suspended. On May 8, the weekly Der Spiegel published materials from the Federal Intelligence Service (BND) which indicated that Xi Jinping, in a telephone conversation with WHO Director-General Tedros Ghebreyesus, demanded the publication of information about the possibility of transmitting the virus from person to person to be suspended.
A National People’s Congress meeting, during which a new defence budget of the PRC will be presented, is scheduled for May 22. According to forecasts, it will be further increased despite the recession of 6.8% in the first quarter of 2020.
The COVID-19 pandemic, which has fanned out around the globe since early 2020, has drastically reshaped world policies. Amidst a fast unraveling humanitarian crisis and a massive blow to the global economy, the U.S.-China trade war is now of secondary concern. Yet, it is a result of structural geopolitical rivalries and will strike even more forcefully after the ongoing crisis is over.