THE WARSAW INSTITUTE REVIEW / ISSUES / no. 1/2018
In modern times, protecting cultural heritage has been a central component of almost any government’s policy. Heritage, which comprises the material evidence of a common past and shared experience, supports the building of a sense of community as well as self-confidence within society which is directly linked with strong social capital.
Just a few years ago, knowledge of the Via Carpathia (a north-south, trans-European road route) was minimal, if not an entirely foreign concept in Brussels.
Poland was the first country to firmly resist the brutal expansion of the totalitarian powers that were utterly indifferent to the rights of weaker countries. Poland’s armed resistance to German aggression on September 1, 1939, was a turning point in world politics towards the Third Reich.
Western intelligence services have been paying special attention to increasing Russian espionage activity in recent years, which has reached Cold War levels. NATO’s eastern flank is particularly vulnerable to Moscow’s efforts.
When in 1936, Poles from Soviet Ukraine, and later from the areas of eastern Poland seized by the USSR during World War II, were deported to Kazakhstan; they called this country the “inhuman land.” Today, while repatriations back to Poland are being organized on the basis of a new law, Kazakhstan is changing for the better and living there is increasingly easy.
Much is said about the reforms to be initiated by Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman.
In the current discourse on Ukraine and Western policy towards Kiev, the idea of the authorities fighting a legitimate battle against corruption, not just one for public consumption, is being strongly articulated.
The economy is inseparable from politics. All market participants, both entrepreneurs and consumers, function within strictly defined legal conditions which are decided solely by politicians.
“We would like to present a proposal for you to write something for our journal The Warsaw Institute Review, in which you will explain the Tour de Pologne (Tour of Poland) phenomenon”, I was asked some time ago.
Russia is interested in suspending the conflict in the Donbass region, at least until the presidential election in March 2018. In the long term, their optimal outcome is to repeat the “Moldova scenario” in Ukraine. Successive proposals from Moscow serve this purpose. History teaches us that Russia should not be believed under any circumstances.