Warsaw Institute Articles
Russia’s Gazprom Dictates Its Own Terms in Caucasus

Russia’s Gazprom Dictates Its Own Terms in Caucasus

Russian Gazprom uses its dominant position in the region to enforce improper trade conditions for Georgia and Armenia. These two issues seem to be closely linked as gas shipments to Armenia, a Russian ally, need to flow through Georgia that has been in conflict with Moscow. Further, conducted against the Kremlin’s will, the change of the government in Yerevan will result in higher gas tariffs by 10%.

Sweden is Preparing for the Russian Invasion

Sweden is Preparing for the Russian Invasion

Stockholm sounded the alarm: Russia is preparing for a large-scale war and the aggressive policy of Moscow threatens Sweden as well. This is the reason for the political consensus to continue, or even increase the pace of the reconstruction of the Kingdom’s military potential. At least four factors point that Russia is preparing for a great conflict.

Putin versus Erdogan, or the Sochi Summit

Putin versus Erdogan, or the Sochi Summit

A trilateral meeting held in the Black Sea resort city of Sochi was expected to break the deadlock over Syria’s thorniest problems, including the presence of terrorists in the rebel-held province of Idlib and the future of the Kurd-controlled zones following the U.S. withdrawal. However, the Astana triangle with the presence of Iran, Russia and Turkey, did not bear fruits, meaning Putin’s failure.

GRU Agent in Estonian Army Convicted of Spying for Russia

GRU Agent in Estonian Army Convicted of Spying for Russia

Less than half a year after the capture of two people suspected of working for the GRU, Russia’s main military intelligence agency, the Harju County Court has ruled on their case. Former officer of the Estonian military Deniss Metsavas has been sentenced to 15 and a half years in prison and his father Pjotr Volin to 6 years in prison.

Russia Holds Large-Scale Military Drills

Russia Holds Large-Scale Military Drills

Russia has launched what it called its largest military drills this year, with thousands of troops taking part and hundreds of equipment involved. Even if all eyes are on the Southern Military District, Russia is holding its war games across the country, also in the direct vicinity of the NATO borders.

Putin Dismisses Nine High-Ranking Generals

Putin Dismisses Nine High-Ranking Generals

Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed a decree on dismissing nearly a dozen of senior military officials that held governmental positions. Most changes affected Russia’s Ministry and the Investigative Committee of Russia (ICR) where sacked officials were in charge of conducting high-profile investigations.

Candidate for EU Chief Prosecutor Supported in the EP

Candidate for EU Chief Prosecutor Supported in the EP

The fact that Laura Codruța Kövesi, the former head of Romania’s anti-corruption agency (DNA) intends to run for the position of the Chief Prosecutor of the European Public Prosecutor’s Office (EPPO) has been the subject of debate for a few weeks now. As it turns out, Kövesi has recently received support from the European People’s Party (EPP), the largest parliamentary faction in the European Parliament.

U.S. Permanent Military Base in Poland: Favorable Solution For the NATO Alliance

U.S. Permanent Military Base in Poland: Favorable Solution For the NATO Alliance

This following report captures the idea of a permanent US base in Poland in the geopolitical context, along with its consequences for NATO and Central and Eastern Europe. This paper was supplemented with comments from experts from the United States, Lithuania and Romania to show a broader perspective on the creation of a U.S. permanent military facility on Alliance’s Eastern Flank.

Russian-Turkish Ties Face Difficult Times over Syria’s Idlib

Russian-Turkish Ties Face Difficult Times over Syria’s Idlib

On February 9, military branches of the Kurdish-Arab SDF alliance, backed by the U.S.-led international coalition, launched an armed offensive against ISIS’s last remaining stronghold east of the Euphrates River. This means that Turkey and Russian and Iranian-backed al-Assad’s regime need to refrain from initiating armed operations against Kurds and the rebel-held Idlib province respectively.

The Future of Gas Transit in the Shadow of the Elections

The Future of Gas Transit in the Shadow of the Elections

The recent, second round of talks between Russia, Ukraine and the European Commission about the Russian gas transit through Ukraine after 2019 ended up with failure again. It is not surprising as Moscow is obviously playing for time. Firstly, it is waiting for the results of elections in Ukraine. Secondly, the closer the end of the year, the worse the negotiation position of Kiev is.

Tomahawks in the Baltic States? Russia Is Making a Fuss

Tomahawks in the Baltic States? Russia Is Making a Fuss

After the USA’s decision on suspending its participation in the INF treaty and the similar punitive decision of the Kremlin, Russia is fuelling the atmosphere of hysteria caused by this matter. This can be exemplified by statements concerning the alleged deployment of rocket weapons in the Baltic states by the USA.

Medvedchuk at Gunpoint. Russia in the Electoral Campaign

Medvedchuk at Gunpoint. Russia in the Electoral Campaign

A notation in the constitution about the pursuit to enter the EU and NATO, a ban on observing elections in Ukraine by Russia, and, finally, a proceeding against the main advocate of the Kremlin’s interest in Kiev. There is no doubt that this all has its electoral context as well. All the mentioned activities are for sure good for the interest of Ukraine.

Decrease in Profits after Energy Price Regulations

Decrease in Profits after Energy Price Regulations

This might be the result of the decision made by the Romanian Government that will affect several energy companies, including Nuclearelectrica, a state-owned nuclear power producer. As of now, such preliminary calculations are based on the comparison of results obtained in 2018 as well as the incorporation of new regulations.

Central Asia May Host New Russian Military Base

Central Asia May Host New Russian Military Base

Moscow is paving its way for making a final decision to launch another military base in Kyrgyzstan. Such a step came as an aftermath of Sergei Lavrov’s recent visit to Bishkek. Despite previous behind-the-scenes talks, none of the sides seems eager to play the role of an initiator.

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